Jess spent just under a month in Angola over the summer, where she conducted exploratory fieldwork relating to Angola's contemporary relationship with Brazil. Moving by bus from the capital city through various towns towards the Namibian border, she interviewed people about their knowledge of contemporary Brazil and whether or not speaking Portuguese allowed them to "cross" national boundaries in any way. In so doing she established the groundwork for a much longer-term multicited ethnographic study between Luanda and Rio de Janeiro which she will conduct during the coming four years as part of her doctoral dissertation in anthropology.
Over the summer, Hilary spent two months in scorching Gainesville, Florida where this year's Summer Cooperative African Language Institute (SCALI) courses took place. Studying Setswana for four hours a day (with only one other student in the class!) enabled her to speak at an advanced level by the time she left to begin her dissertation research in Botswana this fall.
Hilary is currently living in this Southern African nation's capital city of Gaborone, researching small business and entrepreneurship not as economic activities or occupational identities, but as historically specific and highly contested cultural productions. Her ethnographic work takes her into small business promotion institutions, and extends to research with street vendors and other self-described "business people" in the city. Her Setswana language skills are crucial to this anthropological dissertation fieldwork and to making friends, of course.
My research at Stanford University focuses on resource recovery and reuse from waste and in particular, the economic and environmental benefits of biogas digesters in sub-Saharan Africa. During the summer of 2011, with the support of a CAS fellowship, I conducted field research in the Arumeru Region of Northern Tanzania, with the aim of assessing the extent to which households with domestic biogas digesters have realized potential energy, financial, time savings and agricultural benefits that biogas systems can offer. Additionally, through implementation of in-situ biogas metering equipment at households, I evaluated biogas production rates in order to determine the environmental benefits of domestic biogas digesters in terms of reducing in GHG emissions.
Chad parti cipated in the Summer Cooperative African Language Institute (SCALI) at the University of Florida in Gainesville, Florida.
He studied advanced Akan language and culture for a full summer, to prepare him for future research in Ghana.
The Center for African Studies Fellowship enabled Eda to pursue three weeks of archival research at the National Archive & Library in Addis Ababa,Ethiopia. Between 1998 and 2000, Ethiopia and Eritrea fought a border war which led to the denationalization of over 75,000 Ethiopians of Eritrean origin. A PhD student in the Anthropology Department, Eda's project sought to follow stateless Ethiopians of Eritrean origin to Amman, where they settled via Egypt and Yemen. The research built on tensions between the “stateful” and the varied “stateless” to reveal how this tension informs the conceptualization of state, nation, and community.
In Addis Ababa, Eda used the archive to explore through government documents and legal casework the legal history and legal anthropology of the denationalizations during 1998 and the law of 2005 that opened the door for renationalization but of which few stateless Ethiopians have availed themselves. This research revealed that these group of stateless people are to this day politicized and problematic to the Ethiopian government's authority not because of their "Eritrean" ethnicity but because of their internationally accepted status as stateless persons.
Lauren spent six weeks over the summer in Rabat, Morocco. She studied classical Arabic at the Qalam wa Lawh Arabic Language Center. The center provided 4-6 hours a day of instruction and also organized guest lectures and excursions for the students. When not in school, Lauren began laying the foundation for field work in Morocco.
She is interested in public and elite opinion in developing countries on foreign economic engagement. To this end, she met with a number of individuals involved in international development, survey research, and local citizens, to gauge their views on her project. She will hopefully conduct a survey in Morocco and at least one other country in Sub-Saharan Africa over the next few years as a part of her dissertation research.
Kory traveled approximately 10,000 kilometers around Mozambique over three months this past summer. As part of a multi-disciplinary team of researchers, he helped to complete a 1600-household impact evaluation of an ongoing rural water improvement project. Kory specifically studies how improved levels of water supply service impact the caloric cost of water fetching within rural Mozambican communities.
As part of this evaluation, data on anthropometrics , terrain classification, GPS points, water container volumes and much more were collected for synthesis into his greater research goals. Additionally, Kory trained six students and two professors from the Universidade Lúrio in Nampula, Mozambique to perform water quality testing of both source water and stored water for E. coli . These students will continue to be involved in ongoing work concerning caloric calculations of load carrying. Kory is planning to return several more times to Mozambique while completing his dissertation over the next three years.